Quinto aniversario del Acuerdo sobre Facilitación del Comercio se destaca las cadenas de suministro

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Cinco años después de la entrada en vigor del Acuerdo sobre Facilitación del Comercio (AFC), que tuvo lugar el 22 de febrero de 2017, las corrientes comerciales mundiales se encuentran en una buena posición para la recuperación tras la COVID-19 gracias a los constantes progresos de los Miembros de la OMC en la aplicación de este histórico Acuerdo. La Directora General Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala dijo que el AFC ha contribuido a apoyar la resiliencia de las cadenas de suministro mundiales y pidió que prosiga la labor para ayudar a las economías a hacer frente a futuros desafíos.

The TFA, which contains commitments to expedite the movement, release and clearance of goods, including goods in transit, entered into force five years ago when the WTO obtained the two-thirds acceptance of the Agreement from its 164 members. It also contains provisions to help developing and least-developed countries (LDCs) obtain technical assistance and capacity building to implement the TFA.

“WTO members’ efforts to implement the Trade Facilitation Agreement over the past five years have been vital for global supply chain resilience, which is more than ever important amid the demands for a sustainable recovery from the pandemic. Border reforms to fulfil TFA commitments, such as the streamlining of trade procedures, expedited approvals for perishable goods, and establishment of information portals, have helped ensure that food, vaccines, medical products and other essential supplies continued to reach people despite difficult conditions,” DG Okonjo-Iweala said.

“However, there is more work to be done. Workers, small businesses, and many developing economies are among the hardest hit by the pandemic. The full implementation of the TFA, supported by aid for capacity building from partners, will be necessary to help economies bounce back and better withstand future shocks.”

As of 22 February 2022, notifications submitted by WTO members indicate that they have committed to implement 74.3% of TFA obligations at present. The TFA is the first WTO agreement in which developing and LDC members can determine their own implementation schedules and seek to acquire implementation capacity through the provision of related assistance and support. Developed members were required to implement all provisions of the TFA from its entry into force. The implementation rate for each WTO member can be viewed here.

Human resources and training, assistance in amending laws or regulations or implementing new ones, and information and communication technologies are among the most common types of requests for technical assistance and capacity building filed by developing countries and LDCs according to the report from the first-ever review of the TFA, which members concluded last November.

The report includes a list of presentations members made on trade facilitating measures they took to mitigate the COVID-19 crisis. Tonga, for example, utilized Article 7.8 of the TFA to expedite shipments and facilitate the importation of the COVID-19 vaccine while Paraguay and the European Union cited the benefits of establishing digitized processes, encouraged under the TFA, to enable remote work and business continuity during the pandemic. The report is available here.

Members, with the support of the WTO Secretariat, will hold a TFA anniversary event later this year to take stock of implementation progress and discuss further work.

Fuente: OMC